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JOAN OF ARC (1412–1431)
The Six Hundredth Anniversary Course Syllabus Spring 2012
Professor Bonnie Wheeler, Visiting Professor Katie Keene
Office Hours: 2:30–4 T & by appointment in 259 Dallas Hall
Medieval Studies Weekly Tea: 4–5:30 at 3425 University Blvd
Spring 2012: Joan of Arc Meetings for All Students, Attendance Required
Tuesday, Thursday, 12:30–1:50 p.m., McCord Auditorium, Dallas Hall

Note: This syllabus maybe changed by the instructors at any time. Please check the website and ask in class for any updates.

I. Joan of Arc as Symbol, History as Mediation
Jeanne (Jehanne) d’Arc, Johanna d’Arc, Giovanna d’Arco, Zhanna d’Ark, The Maid of
France/Orléans, la Pucelle, die Jüngfrau von Orleans

Jan 17

“The writer's function is to prevent myths turning into allegories.”
(Michel Tournier)

Jan 19

Joan as Myth and Symbol
B. Wheeler, Charles T. Wood in Fresh Verdicts (pp. ix–xvi).
Bernard, Welt, “Mythomania” Art Issues in OLR.
Winston S. Churchill, “Joan of Arc” in OLR.
Pierre Nora, “From Lieux de mémoire to Realms of Memory…” in OLR.
[If you read French, try Michel Winock, “Jeanne d’Arc,” Les Lieux de mémoire,
ed. Pierre Nora, III, 3, 675–733.]
Lawrence D. Kritzman, “Foreword” to Realms of Memory… in OLR.

Jan 24

A Nationalist Joan for Post-WWII
See movie in days preceding class, available through CMIT
Film: Victor Fleming’s Joan of Arc (1948; 100 min; I. Bergman & J. Ferrer).
Harty, 237-64, in Fresh Verdicts

II. Joan in Her Time
How did a peasant girl from the fringes of France become the "youngest person of either sex to lead her
nation's army before the age of nineteen," as Mark Twain tells us? How do we explain the trajectory of
desires, ideas, and events that culminated in her military victory in Orléans and the crowning of her
Dauphin as King Charles VII at Reims? Was Joan captured by her enemies alone or with the complicity of
her own comrades? Was her trial truly an inquisition? Why was she brought to trial for religious rather
than military crimes? Why did the trial take so long and why was she executed so precipitously? Did she die a virgin? In this longest section of the course we consider Joan's youth and family, Joan's silence and speech, and Joan's inquisition trial and its judges.

Jan 26

Family Matters, Murders, Maps, and Mayhem: France, Burgundy, and Late Medieval
Ceremony and Chivalry
J. duQ. Adams, “Modern Views of Medieval Chivalry,” in OLR.
Sidney Painter, French Chivalry, in OLR.
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, xiii-xix.

Jan 31

England, France, and the Hundred Year’s War: To The Battle of Agincourt
Joan of Arc, Herstory, Preface and Prelude (xv–6).
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, pp. 1-67.
Film: See movie in days preceding class, available through CMIT
Kenneth Branagh’s Henry V (1989; 138).

Feb 2

Joan’s Early Life and Public Career: From Home to Chinon
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, pp. 68–74.
Joan of Arc, Herstory, pp. 9-31.
Wood, “Joan of Arc’s Mission…”, 19–30, in Fresh Verdicts.
Hobbins, Trial, Appendix: The “Poitiers Conclusion”2

Feb 7

Triumph at Orléans
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, pp. 74-92.
Joan of Arc, Herstory, pp. 33-51.
Kelly DeVries, “A Woman as Leader of Men,” in Fresh Verdicts.

Feb 9

Joan of Arc, Herstory, ch. 4.
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, 92–122.

Feb 14

Le Grand Querelle des Femmes
Kennedy & Varty, trans. Christine de Pizan, the Ditié of Jehanne d’Arc” in OLR
McWebb (133-44) and Lutkus/Walker, (145–60) in Fresh Verdicts

Feb 15

7 P.M. Required Lecture , “Joan of Arc: One of the Boys” by Kelly Devries

Feb 16

Class discussion with Prof. DeVries on Joan as Military Leader

Feb 21

Friends, Foes, and Perverts
Michel Tournier, Gilles and Jeanne, trans. Sheridan, 1987, in OLR.

Feb 23

Frustration, Captivity, and the Preparatory Trial
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, pp. 123-36.
Joan of Arc, Herstory, ch. 5.
Hobbins, Trial, 33–117.

Feb 28

The Ordinary Trial (Condemnation)
Joan of Arc, Herstory, ch. 6.
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, pp. 137–224.
Hobbins, Trial, 118–95

March 1

Joan as Threat?
Susan Crane, “Clothing and Gender Definition: Joan of Arc,” in OLR.
Schibanoff (31–60), Sullivan (85–112), Weiskopf (113–32), in Fresh Verdicts.

March 6

Rouen: Relapse and Death by Burning
Joan of Arc, Herstory, ch. 7
Hobbins, Trial, 196–213
Film: In class
Thomas Edison’s Joan of Arc.

March 8

Mid-Term Examination

Spring Break March 12–16, 2012

III. Receptions of Joan by her Contemporaries
In the Nullification Trial and the conversations that led up to it, we see the pressure on her contemporaries
to forge images of Joan and images of France. The nullification trial documents themselves are important
sources for late medieval social and intellectual history.

March 20

The Nullification Trial: Joan’s rehabilitation in the 1450s
Joan of Arc, Herstory, ch. 8
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, pp. 225–349.
D. Elliott, Proving Women, in OLR.

March 22

Inquisitorial procedures and the fairness of Joan’s trial
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, pp. 330–358.
Dossat, “Inquisition” in OLR.
H.A. Kelly, “The Right to Remain Silent…” in OLR.

IV: Later Receptions of Joan
Poets, artists, dramatists, and historians never lost sight of Joan of Arc. In this section of the course, we
consider her afterlife as an image of female heroism and hysteria, of cunning and madness from the early
modern period through the end of the nineteenth century.

March 27

Renaissancing Joan
Raphael Holinshed, Chronicles in OLR.
William Shakespeare, 1 Henry VI.

March 29

Enlightenment Joan
Voltaire, La Pucelle d’Orléans in OLR;
Kathleen Wellman, Agnès Sorel in OLR;

April 3

One Nineteenth-Century Joan
Jules Michelet, Joan of Arc.

April 5

Michelet and the Forces of Nationalism
Jules Michelet, Joan of Arc.
Margolis, 265–88, in Fresh Verdicts.

April 10

Twentieth-Century Joan
H.A. Kelly, “Joan of Arc’s Last Trial,” (205–36) in Fresh Verdicts.
“Official Pronouncement of Canonization” in OLR.

April 12

Joan: A Saint as Conformist or Protestant?
George Bernard Shaw, Saint Joan (1923) in OLR.

April 17

Shaw’s Joan
George Bernard Shaw, Saint Joan (1923) in OLR.
Johan Huizinga, “Bernard Shaw’s Saint” in OLR.

April 19

Playing Joan
A Conversation with scholar Holly Hill on her book about women actresses,
Playing Joan.

V: Was Joan Inspired or Crazy?
Joan claimed that she shaped her life, mission, and goals at the direction of her "heavenly voices" named as
the archangel St. Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine. Joan in her own day (and in ours?)
embodied and symbolized profound religious faith. How has her faith been represented, admitted, and
denied? Here we interrogate the figure of Joan and the “embarrassment” of belief.

April 24

Evidence of Things Unseen
See movie in days preceding class, available through CMIT
Dreyer’s Passion of Joan of Arc (1928; 110 min.; 1994, R. Einhorn)

April 28

Faith and the Physics of Spiritual Communication
Taylor, Joan of Arc: La Pucelle, pp. 1–68
Joan of Arc, Herstory, ch. 8
John and Isobel-Ann Butterfield, “Joan of Arc: A Medical View” in OLR.
Martha Graham’s Seraphic Dialogues

May 7 Monday, May 7, 8–11 A.M. Final Examination