Professor Hollifield†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Western European Politics and Government

PLSC 3340††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† First Study Guide

 

Politics and Government in Comparative and Historical Perspective

 

definitions of politics††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† definition of government

Aristotle†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† political system

Max Weber††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† political culture

Robert Dahl††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† modernization

regime types†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† sources of legitimacy

democratic†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† tradition (divine right)

authoritarian††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† charisma

totalitarian†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† formal-legal (representative govít)

phases of political and social development†††††††††††††††††††† state-building

traditional or feudal†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† nation-building

modern or capitalist††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† crises of participation

collectivist or socialist††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† crises of distribution

social classes††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† European experience of modernization

nobility (lords)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† absolutism

peasants (yeomanry)†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† English Civil War and Puritan Revolution

burghers or bourgeois†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (1642-49)

Monarchy†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Republic

Glorious Revolution (1688)†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† enclosure movement

Edmund Burke†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† noblesse oblige versus laisser faire

Chartist movement††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Reform Acts of 1832 and 1867

Corn Law debates††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Benjamin Disraeli

Parliament Acts of 1911 and 1949††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Tories

Whigs†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Liberal Party

Eduard Bernstein (2nd International)†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Karl Kautsky (2nd International)

 

Politics and Government in Modern Britain

 

Sources of the British Constitution†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† gradualism

unitary versus federal state††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† FPTP versus PR

parliamentary supremacy†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† separation of powers

head of government versus head of state††††††††††††††††††††††† The Commons

The Lords††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Monarchy (the Crown)

collective responsibility††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† party government

 

British Political Parties

 

definition of a political party and party system††††††††††††††† ideology

organization††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† leadership

social bases of support††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† functional representation

rotten boroughs††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Socialist and Tory Democracy


Butskellism†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Thatcherism

wets†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Fabians

syndicalism†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Clause 4

welfare state†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† managed economy

Keynesian macroeconomic policy†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Monetarist macroeconomic policy

militant tendency†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† gang of four

The Alliance†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† SNP

Ulster Unionists††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Sinn Fein

New Labour†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Democrats

 

Interest Groups in British Politics

 

definition of an interest or pressure group†††††††††††††††††††††† interest groups and political parties

models of interest group politics††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† peak interest groups

pluralist†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† TUC

Marxist-Leninist††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† CBI

statist††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† mineworkers

corporatist (social democratic)††††††††††††††††††††††††† public sector unions

syndicalist†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† national incomes policy

collective bargaining††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† strikes

the City††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† greens

 

Institutions of Government and Policymaking

 

Commons versus Lords††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† vote of confidence

dissolution††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† devolution

government versus private member bill††††††††††††††††††††††††† role of MP

front bench†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† back bench

role of monarch††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† question time

life peers†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Law Lords

the cabinet††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† the minister

the department††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† no. 10 Downing

Westminster†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Whitehall

primus inter pares†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† the Prime Minister

public school††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† the Oxbridge civil servant

the Permanent Secretary†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ministerial responsibility