August 26 : Remembering in the Middle Ages: The Dead are always with us
In addition to discussing course methods, vocabulary, and expectations, we will begin to think about concepts of mourning from the antique to the contemporary with Visiting Faculty member Dennis Kratz (UTD). Visiting Faculty member Irina Dumitrescu will join us to discuss deep literary evocations of loss in the poem “The Wife”s Lament,” inscribed around the year 1000. Then Visiting Faculty member Margaret Cotter-Lynch (Southeastern Oklahoma) will concentrate on current theories of medieval memory in her introduction to medieval memoria before we turn to a brief historical overview of Burgundy.
- Mary Carruthers, in Memory: Histories, Theories, Debates, ed. Susannah Radstone (Fordham UP, 2010), ch. 1, “Memory Craft in Antiquity and the Middle Ages,” pp. 15-29. OLR
- Mary Carruthers, The Craft of Thought: Meditation, rhetoric, and the making of images, 400-1200 (Cambridge UP, 1998), “Collective memory and memoria rerum,” pp. 7-59. OLR
- “The Wife’s Lament” (Old English poem) OLR
- Patrick Geary, Phantoms of Remembrance: Memory and Oblivion at the End of the First Millennium (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1994), esp. chapter called “Collective memory and memoria rerum.” ON RESERVE
- Janet Coleman, “Monastic memory and the mnemonic function of liturgy,” Ancient and Medieval Memories: Studies in the Reconstr2uction of the Past (Cambridge [UK]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992). ON RESERVE
- Catherine Cubitt, “Monastic Memory and Identity in Early Anglo-Saxon England,” in Social Identity in Early Medieval Britain, ed. William O. Frazer and Andrew Tyrell (NY: Leicester UP, 2000). ON RESERVE
- Rosamond McKitterick, History and Memory in the Carolingian World (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004). ON RESERVE
September 2: “France” 843–1223: From partition at Verdun to the elevation of Paris as imperial capital
Today we combine a historical survey of the development of “memory” in literary, historical, and architectural modes,up to the transition from Romanesque to Gothic. We focus on the mortuary church of Frankish kings and their families, the abbey church of St Denis (near Paris), which becomes the model for later Burgundian mausolea, perhaps especially or the Carthusian abbey of Champmol at Dijon. Visiting Faculty member William W. Clark (Queens College, CUNY) will focus on monastic and royal architecture and the development of French royal memory-machines in discussing “Saint-Denis and Royal Burials.”
- Huizinga, Autumn of the Middle Ages, trans. Rodney J. Payton and Ulrich Mammitzsch (U Chicago P, 1996), pp. ix-xxii.
- Georges Duby, France in the Middle Ages 987-1460: From Hugh Capet to Joan of Arc, trans. Juliet Vale (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992), chs. 1-4, 9-11.
- Suger, Life of Louis the Fat, trans. J. duQ. Adams, sels. (chs. 13, 32, 34) OLR
- Elizabeth A. R. Brown, Saint-Denis: la basilique (Le ciel et la pierre, 6: Saint-Léger-Vauban, 2001). OLR
- E. A. R. Brown, “Philippe le Bel and the Remains of St.Louis,” Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 6e série 95 (1980), 175-82. OLR
- Clark, William and Charles M. Radding.Medieval Architecture, Medieval Learning: Builders and Masters in the Age of Romanesque and Gothic. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992. Paperback edition, 1994. ON RESERVE.
- William W. Clark, Medieval cathedrals (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2006). ON RESERVE.
- Georgia S. Wright, “The Tomb of St. Louis,” Journal of the Courtauld and Warburg Institutes 34 (1971), 65-82. Look at the unusual standing figure on the altar/tomb. OLR
- G. S. Wright, “A Royal Tomb Program in the Reign of St. Louis,” Art Bulletin 56 (1974), 224-43. Look at the pictures and the plans of the layout. OLR
- Erwin Panofsky, Tomb Sculpture (New York, 1964, 1992), esp. pp. 50-66 and plates 190-271. OLR and ON RESERVE
- Kurt Bauch, Das mittelalterliche Grabbild (Berlin & New York, 1976): look at the plates. ON RESERVE
- A. Erlande-Brandenburg, “Le roi est mort. Étude sur les funérailles, les sépultures, et les tombeaux des rois de France jusqu” à la fin du xiiiie siècle,” Bibliothèque de la Société française d”archéologie 7 (Paris/Geneva, 1975). Look at the plates. ON RESERVE until Oct 1.
September 9: Courts and Palaces: From Capetian to Valois France, 1223–1360
Today we focus on the court of Paris as a model for the courts of Dijon and London as we discuss cultures of the interlinked North European royal “clan”—Capetians–Valois–Plantagenets. As aesthetic and practical practices, we consider the elaboration of the Louvre and of later suburban palaces in and around Paris with their visual decorative manifestations in such arts as tapestry. To look more deeply at their literary aesthetics, we examine two cross-channel courtly poets—the French Guillaume de Machaut and the English “Father of English Poetry” Geoffrey Chaucer—with their daringly different conceptions of how poets forge arts of solace and remembrance. With his “Book of the Duchess,” Chaucer provided new roles for English as a courtly literary language.
- William R. Tyler, Dijon and the Valois Dukes of Burgundy (Norman, OK: Oklahoma UP, 1971), intro., ch. I, pp. ix–15. OLR
- Duby, France in the Middle Ages, chs12–14. (skim)
- Guillaume de Machaut, sels., trans. McGillivray. OLR under BD sources and HANDOUTS.
- Geoffrey Chaucer, “Book of the Duchess,” in The Riverside Chaucer, ed. Larry D. Benson. 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton, 1987. ON RESERVE and, in E.T. Donaldson edition, OLR
- Geoffrey Chaucer, “Book of the Duchess,” http://omacl.org/Duchess, or for translation, use http://www.umm.maine.edu/faculty/necastro/chaucer/translation/bd/bd.pdf .
- Selections from Andreas Capellanus, De Amore: on-line at http://www.courses.fas.harvard.edu/~chaucer/special/authors/andreas/de_amore.html
- Guillaume de Machaut, The fountain of love=La fonteinne amoureuse ; and, two other love vision poems, ed. and trans. R. Barton Palmer (New York: Garland, 1993). ON RESERVE
- Guillaume de Machaut, Le jugement du roy de Behaigne; and, Remede de fortune, ed. James I. Wimsatt and William W. Kibler; music ed. Rebecca A. Baltzer (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1988). ON RESERVE
- Guillaume de Machaut, The judgment of the king of Navarre, ed. and trans. R. Barton Palmer (New York: Garland, 1988). ON RESERVE
- James I. Wimsatt, Chaucer and the French love poets; the literary background of The Book of the Duchess (Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1968). ON RESERVE
- Richard Brettell, Museum Masterpieces: The Louvre (The Teaching Company) (12 lectures, 30 minutes/lecture). ON RESERVE
September 16: The Grand Dukes of the West and The Splendor of their Courts
Today we begin our investigation of the impressive biographies, patronage, political maneuverings of the Burgundian dukes who are the center of our course. We consider the magnificence of the spaces they endowed, especially the sculpture of Sluter and his workshops. With Visiting Faculty member Pamela A. Patton (SMU), we address the material culture of the medieval court and the objets de luxe that nobles sponsored. We start here to focus on Dijon as a dynastic capital and on the construction of the ducal residence.
- Duby, France in the Middle Ages, chs. 12–14, pp. 253–287.
- Tyler, Dijon and the Valois Dukes of Burgundy, chs. II-IV, VII.
- Jean Froissart, Chronicle, trans. Geoffrey Brereton (Penguin, 1978), pp. 37-38; 120-145; 247-259; 392-40.
- Juliet Vale, The Princely Court. ch. 5, “Court Life and Court Culture.” OLR
- Richard Vaughan, Valois Burgundy (Hamden CT: Archon, 1975), esp. chs. 2, 6. ON RESERVE
- Susan Martí et al., Splendour of the Burgundian Court (Cornell UP, 2009).ON RESERVE
- Art from the Court of Burgundy. The Patronage of Philip the Bold and John the Fearless 1364-1419, exhibition catalog from the Cleveland Museum of Art (October 24, 2004 -January 9, 2005). ON RESERVE
September 23: Chivalry, Tournaments, Crusades: War and War Games in France, Burgundy, and Flanders
Today we consider the development of medieval chivalry that reached its most glamorous height in the Burgundian courts, but we also remember darker sides of bickering warfare and the international repercussions of continuing Crusades against ‘the Infidel.’ Part of today’s class will examine how powerful spectacles were represented aesthetically, both in Chaucer’s poetry and in tapestries for the Anjou Dukes. Visiting Faculty member Laura Weigert (Rutgers) will discuss “War Games: Tapestry and Spectacle in the Burgundian and French Courts.”
- Jeremy duQ. Adams, “Modern Views of Medieval Chivalry,” in The Study of Chivalry, ed. Howell Chickering and Thomas Seiler, TEAMS (Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute, 1988), ch. 2, pp. 41–89. OLR
- Tyler, Dijon and the Valois Dukes of Burgundy, ch. 6. OLR
- Chaucer, “The Knight’s Tale” and the figure of the Knight and the Squire in the “General Prologue” to The Canterbury Tales,in The Riverside Chaucer ON RESERVE or on-line at http://www.courses.fas.harvard.edu/~chaucer/teachslf/kt-par0.htm
- Jeffrey Chipps Smith, “Portable Propaganda – Tapestry as Princely Metaphors at the Courts of Philip the Good and Charles the Bold,” Art Journal 48 (1989), 123-129. OLR
- Laura Weigert, “Medieval Theatricality in Tapestry and Its Afterlife in Painting,” Art History 233.2 (April, 2010), 224-235. OLR
- Marina Belozerskaya, Rethinking the Renaissance, pp.104-116. OLR
- Susan Marti et al., Splendour of the Burgundian Court. ON RESERVE
- Sidney Painter, French Chivalry. ON RESERVE
- Maurice Keen, Chivalry (New Haven: Yale UP, 1984), esp. chs. 5, 12: ON RESERVE
September 24–26.The Texas Medieval Association (which gather participants from Texas and other nations) meets at SMU and the DMA. You are welcome to attend general lectures free and to register for the whole conference. See http://www.texasmedieval.org or ask conference organizer Dr. Wheeler.
September 30: The Mourners and the Tomb of John the Fearless
Today we view the exhibition for a first glance with Visiting Faculty members Heather MacDonald (DMA Curator) and Sophie Jugie (Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dijon) and discuss the making of the Mourners exhibition.
October 7: Chivalry and Ceremony: Kings of France, Dukes of Burgundy, and the Order of the Golden Fleece
What was chivalry in theory and practice? What are the arts of chivalry? Today we discuss chivalry and the arts of the courts as we consider the Limbourg Brothers and manuscript illumination for the Dukes of Berry; the ceremonial impact of the Order of the Golden Fleece and the Feast of the Pheasant (Lille in 1454); The Vow of the Peacock. Visiting Faculty member Valerie Hotchkiss (Rare Book Librarian, University of Illinois) will discuss and show examples from ceremonies of “Coronations and Important Late Medieval Manuscripts.”
October 14: The individual in Late Medieval Europe: Portraiture, social orders, and biography
Today we discuss how individual identity became an increasing point of reference for medieval persons and artists as we consider plastic and literary arts. Visiting Faculty member Stephen Perkinson (Bowdoin) concentrates on aesthetic “identity production.”
- Duby, France in the Middle Ages, chs. 5–8, pp. 41–152. (skim)
- Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late Fourteenth Century and the Patronage of the Duke (London and New York: Phaidon, 1967), ch. 4 “The Portraits of Jean de Berry,” pp. 68-81 (and plates). OLR
- Geoffrey Chaucer, Parlement of Foules, House of Fame, in The Riverside Chaucer ON RESERVE.
- Geoffrey Chaucer, Parlement of Foules, House of Fame, ed. E.T. Donaldson. OLR
- For translation, see http://www.umm.maine.edu/faculty/necastro/chaucer/translation/pf/pf.pdf and http://www.umm.maine.edu/faculty/necastro/chaucer/translation/hf/hf.pdf
- Huizinga, Autumn of the Middle Ages, chs. 7-10.
- Georges Didi-Huberman, “The Portrait, the Individual, and the Singular: Remarks on the Legacy of Aby Warburg,” in The Image of the Individual: Portraits in the Renaissance, ed. Luke Syson and Nicholas Mann (London: British Museum Press, 1998), 165-185.OLR
- Michel Pastoureau, “L”effervescence emblématique et les origines héraldiques du portrait au XIVe siècle,” Bulletin de la Société nationale des antiquaires de France [1985 (1987)]: 108-115. OLR
- Keen, Chivalry, ch. 7. ON RESERVE
- Stephen Perkinson, The Likeness of the King: A Prehistory of Portraiture in Late Medieval France (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009)
- Stephen Perkinson,“Sculpting Identity,” in Set in Stone: The Face in Medieval Art, ed. Charles T. Little (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006), pp. 120-123.
October 15 Friday Night Museum Lecture [optional]: Marina Belozerskaya, “Rethinking the Renaissance”
October 21: Women, Power, Inheritance, and Agency in Valois France
Today, in addition to discussing selections from Romance of the Rose and the tapestry of the Romance of the Rose commissioned by Philip the Bold, we will consider roles of Burgundian women in relation to marriage, monasticism, inheritance, and various other forms of power and disempowerment with Visiting Faculty Member Constance Berman (University of Iowa), who will pay particular attention to Margaret of Flanders.
- Selections from Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meung, The Romance of the Rose, trans. Frances Horgan (Oxford World”s Classics, 1994).
- Christine de Pizan, The Book of Chivalry and The City of Ladies, etc. in Selected Writings of Christine de Pizan, ed. & trans. Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski and Kevin Brownlee (New York: Norton Critical Edition, 1997), pp. 41-44, 113-154, 252-64.
- Jean Froissart, Chronicle, pp. 252-259; 418-420.
- June Hall McCash, The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women (Athens: University of Georgia 1996), "The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women; an overview,” pp.1-49.
- Constance Berman, Women and Monasticism in Medieval Europe: Sisters and Patrons of the Cistercian Order, editor and translator (Kalamazoo, MI, Medieval Institute Publications, 2002)
- Constance Berman, The Cistercian Evolution. The Invention of a Religious Order in Twelfth-Century Europe (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000)
October 28: Monuments, Mourning and Memory
Today we analyze some ideas of mourning in late medieval Europe. Visiting Faculty member Mark Rosen (UTD) will broaden our concerns out from the Dijon tombs to sculptural funerary monuments found throughout Europe.
- Jean Froissart, Chronicle, pp. 193-198.
- Paul Binski, Medieval Death, ch. 2, “Death and Representation.” OLR
- Mary Carruthers, The Book of Memory, Appendix B, pp. 267-380. OLR
- Huizinga, Autumn of the Middle Ages, ch. 5, 6, 8, 11, 12.
- Elizabeth Valdez Del Alamo, Memory and the Medieval Tombs, ON RESERVE
- Erwin Panofsky, Tomb Sculpture (New York, 1964, 1992). OLR and ON RESERVE
November 4: The Majesty of Later Medieval Religious Life and Sacred Spaces
Today we consider how the development, popularity, and varieties of monastic life relate to mourning and memory. Visiting Faculty member John Sommerfeldt (U of Dallas), a renowned expert of medieval monasticism, will briefly outline some patterns and varieties of monastic life in our period. With Visiting Faculty member Sherry Lindquist (Knox College) we will concentrate on monastic orders and the religious context of the Chartreuse de Champmol. With Visiting Faculty member Laura Neagley (Rice) we will consider monastic architecture vs. cathedral architecture around 1400—and how different spaces reflected different devotional and liturgical practices and how funerary architectural space has a specific developmental trajectory.
- David Knowles, From Pachomius to Ignatius: a study in the constitutional history of the religious orders (Oxford, Clarendon P., 1966), 98 pages. ON RESERVE and OLR
- Sherry Lindquist, Agency, Visuality, and Society at the Chartreuse de Champmol, ch. 4 “Visualization,” and ch. 5, “Society.” ON RESERVE and OLR
- Huizinga, Autumn of the Middle Ages, chs. 7, 8.
- Laura Neagley, Disciplined Exuberance. The Parish Church of Saint-Maclou and Late Gothic Architecture in Rouen. Penn State Press, University Park, 1998. ON RESERVE
November 11: The 100 Years War and Joan of Arc
Today we confront some Burgundian “challenges”—such political issues as murder, mayhem, assassination, etc. Burgundy figured heavily, almost decisively, in the context of royal succession in Northern Europe, and there we might locate a strategic error in Burgundian policy. Today’s discussion pivots on the figure of an illiterate peasant girl from the frontier, Joan of Arc, who represents the emerging conscious of “France” as a nation at the same time that she represents a throwback to conservative chivalric values.
- Duby, France in the Middle Ages 987-1460, ch. 15 and epilogue, pp. 288-99..
- Régine Pernoud, Marie-Véronique Clin, & J. duQ. Adams, Joan of Arc: Her Story, Part 1, pp. xi-164, and plates.
- Jean Froissart, Chronicle, pp. 57-62; 120-166; 247-259.
- Christine de Pizan, Selected Writings of Christine de Pizan, pp. 224–229.
November 18: The Political and Art Historical Significance of Late Valois Burgundy
The visual arts flourished in the Burgundian Netherlands under Duke Philip the Good. Visiting Faculty members Douglas Brine (Trinity University, San Antonio) and Eric White (SMU) consider early Netherlandish painting and manuscripts in relation to the arts of commemoration.
- Till-Holger Borchert, Van Eyck, Cologne: Taschen 2008, pp. 7–15.
- M. Martens, “Chapter 7. Patronage,” in B. Ridderbos, A. van Buren & H. van Veen (eds), Early Netherlandish Paintings. Rediscovery, Reception, and Research, Amsterdam & Los Angeles 2005, pp. 366–77. OLR
- Till-Holger Borchert, Van Eyck, (Cologne: Taschen 2008).
- M. Koster, “The Arnolfini double portrait. A simple solution,” Apollo (September 2003), pp. 3-14. OLR
- W. Stechow, Northern Renaissance Art. Sources and Documents, (Englewood Cliffs 1966), pp. 3-8. OLR
- D. Brine, “Evidence for the forms and usage of early Netherlandish memorial paintings,” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 71 (2008), 139–68. OLR
December 2: Music, Dance, Procession, and Performance in Valois France
Our final class will be literally a moving experience with Visiting Faculty member Catherine Turocy (New York Baroque Dance Theater) on declamatory gesture and expressive posture as used on the stage and its relation to The Mourners. And (in our own ending today) we return to our first questions: what are the most visible traces of the relations between memory, majesty, and mourning?
Huizinga, Autumn of the Middle Ages, chs. 12, 14.
FINAL EXAMINATIONS AT HOME CAMPUS in places and times announced.
Mourners Course Syllabus.PDF