Acosta on the question of castas in Peru, 1585


Throughout this realm there are many Blacks, mulattoes, mestizos and many other mixtures of people, and every day their number increases ... These people grow up with great vices and [excessive] liberty, without working nor having any trade, and they are often to be found drinking or engaging in witchcraft. Those [Spaniards] who reflect on this matter with care, fear that in time the number of these [castas] will become much larger than that of the children of Spaniards born here (who are called criollos)... and that therefore they will be able to raise a city in revolt; and if they so raise one city, an infinite number of Indians would join them, since they are all of one casta, and understand each others' thoughts because they have been raised together ... and if so many joined together, it would be easy for them to take all the cities in this realm [Peru] one by one ...