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This page provides links to materials divided into the following five different historical periods.

 

 

Historical Periods:
The Age of Discovery and Conquest (early 16th century)
The Early Hapsburg Empire in America (mid to late 16th century)
The Mature Hapsburg Empire in America (late 16th and 17th centuries)
The Early Bourbon Era (early and mid 18th century)
The Late Bourbon Era (late 18th and early 19th centuries)

 


Maps:
Atlantic Wind and Water Currents
Audiencias of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, ca. 1650
Audiencias of the Viceroyalty of Peru, ca. 1650
Transatlantic shipping tonnage
South America
Map of South America
Map of South America, Annual Rainfall
Map of South America, Average January Temperature
Map of South America, Average July Temperature
Map of South America, Natural Vegetation
North America
Map of North America

The Age of Discovery and Conquest (early 16th century) - (Index)
Anonymous, "Acuérdate de Andalucía"
Durán Codex, 1521 - Building Cortés's fleet of brigantines.
Comparative Cultural Chronology
Encina, Juan de - "Triste España sin ventura"
Florentine Codex
Fighting in Mexico-Tenochtitlan (July-August 1521), Volume III, fol. 465
Noble residence, Volume III, fol. 21
Stonecutting, Volume III, fol. 19
Tailors, Native Mexican, (painted images)
Herrán, Saturnino
Los Nuevos Dioses (The New Gods)
Los Viejos Dioses (The Old Gods)
Las Casas, Bartolomé de
On the Five Kings of Hispaniola
Laws of Burgos, 1512-1513
Magliabechiano Codex
The Steam Bath, fol. 77
Mendoza, Antonio de - Royal instructions for the Viceroy, 1535
Monteleone Codex, Virgin & Child
Noche Triste - Lienzo de Tlaxcala, 1520
Olmec head, Villahermosa, Mexico
Olmec head, Xalapa, Mexico
Orozco, José Clemente
Cortés and Malinche
Hernán Cortés
Pané, Fray Ramón
Relación of the Taino
San Agustín, Pedro de
Map of Culhuacan (Valley of Mexico), 1580
Tepotzotlan, The Pantocrator, feather mosaic
Transatlantic shipping tonnage
Uxmal, Palace of the Governor (arch detail)

The Early Hapsburg Empire in America (mid to late 16th century) - (Index)
Acosta on the question of castas in Peru, 1585
De Bry, Theodor
Balboa Punishing Indians Guilty of Sodomy
Indians Killing Spanairds, Among them several Clerics
Indians Pouring Molten Gold in a Spaniard's Mouth
Native Women Preparing Manioc for a Feast
Spaniards Supervise Black Slaves in the Mines of Hispaniola
Galleon
Jorge Juan and Antonio de Ulloa on castas in Spanish South America, c.1749
L'Olonais, François - engraved portrait
Sores, Jacques - Raiding Havana
Tailors, Spanish, Seville, 1588 - woodcut
Viceregal Government

The Mature Hapsburg Empire in America(late 16th and 17th centuries) - (Index)
Escobar, Francisco de - Letter from a Francisco de Escobar, in Sevilla, to Diego de Ribera in Lima, 1553.
Gerson, Juan - Noah's Ark in Tecamachalco Church, Puebla, Mexico
Guevara, N. - Letter from a Basque miner to a merchant in Seville, 1595.
Juárez, José
The Adoration of the Kings (Epiphany)
Maps
Audiencias of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, ca. 1650
Audiencias of the Viceroyalty of Peru, ca. 1650
Nombre de Dios, Cabildo
A letter from the city of Nombre de Dios to the Crown, May 14, I573, describing a raid by French and English corsairs.
Ocotlan, Church
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz
Better Death
A Much-Needed Eyewash
Philosophical Satire
She resolves the Question
Satiric Reproach
She Attempts to Minimize the Praise
She Laments her Fortune

The Early Bourbon Era(early and mid 18th century) - (Index)
Acatepec, Church
Tonantzintla, Church
Tonantzintla, Church (sculptural detail)
Zacatecas
Cathedral
Cathedral Detail

The Late Bourbon Era(late 18th and early 19th centuries) - (Index)
Bolívar, Simón
Mestizaje
Spaniard and Indian produce a Mestizo
From Spaniard and Mestiza, Castiza
Spaniard and Castiza, produce Spaniard
Mestizo and Indian makes Coyote
Black and Spaniard makes Mulatto
Mulatto and Spaniard makes Morisco
Spaniard and Morisca makes Albino
Spaniard and Albino makes a Black-Return-Backwards
Black and Indian makes Wolf
Wolf and Indian makes Zambaiga
Zambaigo and Indian makes Albarazado
Chamizo and Indian makes Cambuja
Chamizo and Indian makes Cambuja
From Albarrado and Indian, a Cachimboreta is born
From Indian and Cambuja, a Wolf-Return-Backwards is born
Wolf-Return-Backwards and Indian makes Hold-Yourself-in-Mid-Air
Velasco, José María
Camino a Chalco, 1891
Citlaltepetl, 1879
La Catedral de Oaxaca, 1887
Popocatépetl e Iztaccihuatl vistos desde Atlixco, late 19th century
Valle de México, 1875
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