King
|
Council of the Indies
(Resident in Spain)
|
 | 
Central
Viceroy
|
(functions as)
Gobierno (Executive government)
Justicia (Judiciary)
Militar (Military)
Hacienda (Treasury)
Eclesiástico (Church government)
Governor (Chief Executive Officer)
President of the Audiencia
Captain-general
Supervisor Oficiales Reales (Treasury Officers)
Vice-patron of Archdiocese
Regular Orders
Inquisition
 | 
Regional
Audiencias
(eg. Guadalajara, Santa Fe de Bogotá, Quito, La Plata, etc.)
|
(function as)
Executive Committees
(President of Audiencia = CEO)

Courts of Appeal
Audiencia Presidents
(Often contested with Viceroy)

Audiencia
Suffragan Diocese
 | 
Local
Corregidores and Alcaldes Mayores
Corregidores and Alcaldes Mayores
Lieutenant Captain-Generals
Corregidores and Alcaldes Mayores
Secular Parishes
Regular Parishes
 

Map of the Audiencias within the Viceroyalty of New Spain, ca. 1650

Map of the Audiencias within the Viceroyalty of Peru, ca. 1650